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If something is getting dangerous in the current world’ politics it is the Populism. The political Populism is the exerted through a strong leadership of a charismatic individual, who pledges promises for social equality. To achieve this purpose, the leader uses emotional arguments over the rational ones, such as the excitement of the nationalist sentiments in order to boost the social cohesion and the popular mobilization. The Populism does not distinguish between right or left-wing and provides political projects of any kind. It is possible to apply the ‘populist’ label to a politician who tries to win the popular support by promising things which cannot keep once power is seized. In any case, the concept is pejorative … it is about demagogic, which has a large repertoire of methods to reach and remain in power.
There are currently populist political anti-system leaders such as Donald Trump in the US, Boris Johnson in the UK, Marine Le Pen in France, Geert Wilders in the Netherlands, Alexis Tsipras in Greece or Pablo Iglesias in Spain. In Latin America are those around the Hugo Chaves’ political orbit, as was Chavez, Maduro, Evo Morales in Bolivia, the Kirchners in Argentina or Lopez Obrador in Mexico. In Latin America, the administration are leftist-populist, interventionist and in some cases are even dictatorial, where the will of the rulers is prevailing over the law enforcement.
After the severe crisis that we have recently suffered, the Populism is also experiencing a boom in Europe and the United States due to the harsh evolution and deterioration of the living conditions of people, as well as the expectations of opportunities. The voters react to these circumstances making wrong choices and voting to these options which are promising measures which clearly cannot be done, as it has been the case of Tsipras in Greece. The Populist politicians are good in television debates and experts in social media and networks, without any hesitation to change their strategy when they see in the polls that are not in the desired path to their purposes.
In the particular case of Trump, his growth has been fostered by criminalizing the Hispanic immigrants for their unstoppable growth with already more than 52 million people in the US, and rising. Also he is directing people’s anger against the ‘establishment’ represented by the traditional politicians. Trump’s motto is ‘Make America great again’, chauvinism which it is also being used in France by Le Front National (FN) of Marine Le Pen. The FN has won the last French elections, the European and the first round of departmental, and only the electoral system has stopped them. As Trump, she has also criminalized the immigrants, but especially she denounces the status quo, i.e. the European Union and the ‘old politics’.
The European populists blame on the EU for all their misfortune: Jaroslaw Kaczynski in Poland, has joined the anti-European front of Viktor Orban in Hungary, who said that “the future is about restricting freedoms only in order to make more efficient countries“. The easy slogans on television collect the votes of the despair people. But all of them have something in common: when they leave power, everything is much worse. Like in the Venezuela of Maduro: it is already terrifying. When they size power the populist discourse can opt for the abandonment of one’s principles and make the ‘politics of the possible’ as Alexis Tsipras did in Greece, or either like Chavez in Venezuela, followed his principles, which was looking like a stable situation while the oil prizes were making up the disaster. With the Brexit in the UK, the populist anger against the established order has reached the boiling point.
We, the citizens ask for a much better management of our realities than it has been so far: more efficient, and why not, more honest. We do not want the misfortune of the populism coming along, which would not lead us to nothing but to the political frustration and economic disaster, or even worse, to the lack of freedom.