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At the present time, Venezuela is experiencing a terminal crisis; Crisis of government, regime and crisis of the state at the same time. “Organic crisis”, which the Political scientists would recall, in the neo-Marxist language. It affects to the institutions which are currently supporting the political and legal order. Not necessarily the society is in permanent mobilization, as it happened in 2014 and in 2016, but the crisis is equally unstoppable. It spreads from the very bowels of power. For this reason, it evokes the implosion of the socialist countries of the late 1980s in Eastern Europe, albeit in a different and worse degree of decomposition, with a more corrupt and criminal nomenclature than was that of Eastern Europe.
Before the Chavez’s administration, those Venezuelan institutions were governed by separations of powers and democratic means. But the regime of liberties and democracy which Venezuelans enjoyed for more than 50 years, was left to the history after the Major Commander Hugo Chavez seized power in 1999. During Chavez first 16 years his hegemony reigned in the National Assembly until his party lost in the legislative elections of December 2015. The popular vote punished President Maduro for leading the country to the deepest economic crisis, with shortages of food and medicines that the country has ever known. The increase of poverty and misery, violence and crime, are the most visible signs of Chavez’ failed model of the ‘Socialism for the 21st Century’. The year 2016 was a terrible and dark year for Venezuela, closing with an economic contraction of 18% and the inflation of 800%, according to unofficial figures from the Central Bank disclosed by Reuters. But for the parliament, currently dominated by opposition to the regime, it was a year of light, hope and combativeness to recover the lost democracy.
The situation is completely out of control due to the irresponsibility of the Maduro government: the collapse of oil revenues, and the opposition to the Bolivarian oligarchy in order to cut state spending, have ended up triggering the country’s public deficit to levels close to 25% GDP.
But problems never come alone. The US Treasury’s indictment of drug trafficking against Venezuelan Vice President Tareck El Aissami, along with his frontman Samark López, may be contagious. The inclusion of El Aissami in this drug trafficking ignominy list, is added with a dozen people linked to the power in Venezuela, all of which supporting the accusation that Venezuela might be a ‘narco-state’. The Wall Street Journal had already quoted in May 2015 sources from the US Department of Justice, who accused El Aissami of receiving bribes to facilitate drug trafficking over Venezuelan territory.
Moreover, a document from the Prosecutor’s Office of the Southern District of New York, reveals that the convicts Efrain Campo Flores and Francisco Flores De Freitas, the narco-nephews of the Venezuelan presidential couple, negotiated the liberation of Hermagoras González, one of the heads of the La Guajira’ cartel. The same name also appears related to El Aissami, according to the US Treasury.
Maduro’s government in Venezuela would do anything to stop the world media analysing this narco-trafficking scandal, which plagues the country’s vice president, after the US has imposed sanctions on them because of their link with drug trafficking. Maduro would have wished that Washington had not known the place of Venezuela on the globe. It began with CNN’s investigative report on passport and visa trafficking, according to which a criminal network based in the Venezuelan embassy in Baghdad, sold ID documents. The same ID’s which arrived at the terrorist and drug traffickers’ hands.
All these news were broadcasted at the very same time when the visit to DC of Mitzy Ledezma and Lilian Tintori, the wives of political prisoners and opponents of the Chavista regime, Antonio Ledezma and Leopoldo López, respectively. Both ladies held meetings in the House of Representatives, the Senate and the White House. After the meetings, Trump demanded to the Venezuelan government the immediate releasing these political prisoners on Twitter, as he is used to. Cornered by the events, Maduro responded by censuring CNN throughout Venezuela, and later expelled them of the country, due to a new reportage involving El Aissami with the issuance of fake passports for Islamic terrorists.
Maduro with his usual awkwardness, also censored the Mexican TV Azteca. A full invitation to Peña Nieto to harden his position against Venezuela. Maduro is doing a favour to the Mexican president: he is giving the chance to Peña Nieto of a common cause together with Trump. If it used well, it could serve both to find the space for a more cooperative relationship, rather than the current one.
But whatever the situation is, Maduro does not want to antagonize Trump: he claims the Treasury Department and the CNN network, want to “impose” an agenda against Venezuela, which they are predisposing against to President Trump. While the Republican president has expressed his concern for Venezuela when speaking with the presidents of Peru, Colombia and Argentina, and last week also demanded from the oval office the freedom and the release from prison of the Chavista regime’ opponent, Leopoldo Lopez, while he was accompanied by his wife, Lilian Tintori.
Despite this, Maduro does not want to displease the new American President and treats him with a white glove because he considers him to be like him, hating both the media which dare to criticize them.