Every story has a beginning. Every dictatorship has an inspirer. The Venezuelan Chavismo found its origins in Alberto Fujimori, president of Peru during the 90’s, being each other so apparently opposite and very distant ideologically. In April 1992, the Peruvians awoke with the news that there was no longer a Parliament: Fujimori had given a coup, and according to him ‘supported’ by more than 80% of the Peruvian population. Under his regime, Fujimori intervened in all the powers of the State: he placed judges and prosecutors at his whim. All these events were a source of inspiration for Hugo Chávez: to build a model based on the same system.
The relationship between Alberto Fujimori and Hugo Chávez started in 1992 when the Peruvian government offered asylum to the 93 Venezuelan military who participated in the failed coup against then-Venezuelan President Carlos Andres Perez. At that time, Fujimori politically aligned himself with the Chavez’s cause against Carlos Andrés Pérez, and facilitated that coup makers were living comfortably in Lima for almost two years. Fujimori considered himself as a good friend to Chávez, and perhaps that mutual admiration led them to develop great similarities in their way of governing. Both regimes organized the power under an apparent and unreal democracy. Both arranged their political constitutions. Both organized periodic elections which were a farce, just with the purpose of hiding the true authoritarian nature of their governments. Chavez, being President, defended Fujimori after the election results of 2000, even when those were strongly questioned by the OAS and the United States. Caracas, being Chavez and president, gave protection to a fugitive Vladimiro Montesinos until the situation became unfeasible and he had to be handed over to the Peruvian authorities to judge him and condemn him.
The Chavismo had from the beginning a totalitarian DNA. It was guaranteed by the ballot box, but soon eliminated the separation of powers and institutional counterweights (check & balances). It was never an integration project, but it fostered the social confrontation. Chávez could win elections while he was popular, when the oil prices were high; Then he made I through electoral fraud. Now the fraud was not enough, that’s why the elections are simply eliminated.
The advice of the Cuban regime is behind all the strategic decisions made during the Chavismo. The envoys of Fidel Castro provided Hugo Chávez with the engineering necessary to camouflage fraud. Electoral fraud is what Cubans have developed for systems of political participation, but when fraud is insufficient, as happened in the parliamentarians of 2015 because of the avalanche of opposition vote, they have no more prescription than that of Castrism in Cuba: the pure repression. The defencelessness of the citizen; the sadism as their government’ style; the international cynicism, are the facts which appear for years in the news, dialogue or interview which is addressing this tragic everyday’ life.
In a different country, these massive daily citizen’s demonstrations would lead to the fall of the government: the president would leave conscious of having lost the popular support, while is eager to avoid any responsibility for the dead who are falling on the streets because of the confrontations during the demonstrations. There are images which show Maduro dancing salsa, while in behind him you it is possible to see by his window a big demonstration in the Caracas’ streets. His cynicism is unbearable.
But in Venezuela, the game is not just politics. Many of those currently in power are not politicians but criminals: a drug cartel which has stolen huge amounts of public money. It explains why the current regime is willing to violate any human rights to remain in power and not providing any accountability in from of any national and international court of justice.
Death, hunger, absolute shortage of food or vital medicaments… 2015 closed with 28,000 dead because of the violence sowed by Hugo Chávez and whose harvest is that of hate and blood. The Castro-Chavismo sums hundreds of dead to their sinister inventory. Assassinations of so many dissidents whose only fault was to confront the regime.
Those were the origins of the regime which smashes Venezuela and Venezuelan people today. The current situation is stubborn and what was foreseen, is already happening: Maduro has announced that there will be no more elections in Venezuela. The country officially enters the dictatorship which was already de facto being for a long time ago. Nicolas Maduro boldly confirms that his country is basically a dictatorship where there is no separation of powers, and freedoms are seriously restricted. There will be no longer any voting with which to achieve the political change which most of the Venezuelans are claiming in the streets, even with their lives. Only the force can be now the solution. The next few days will be essential to see if Venezuela’s pressure cooker finally explodes.